I. OPERATIONAL CONTEXT
The security situation in the Lake Chad basin remained unpredictable during the period under review. ISWAP elements have continued their terrorist campaigns by launching attacks against government forces in the region, with serious consequences for civilians. Beyond the borders, the ethnic conflict in the Far North region of Cameroon intensified in December 2021, uprooting Nigerian refugees there and causing further displacement to neighboring countries, namely villages in Chad and from Nigeria. These hostilities emanating from the conflict in Cameroon continue to cause tension between the various warring factions, as members of the Shoa Arab community erected barricades and burned tires in the areas of Carrefour Douane and Carrefour Total on January 10, 2022 in protest. against the arrest of two Shoa Arabs. leaders accused of being involved in the recent inter-community violence between their community and that of the Musgum in Kousseri and Logone-Birni in early December 2021.
In Borno State, the number of security incidents remained low compared to previous months, signifying the gradual improvement of the security situation in the state. . Despite the improvement in the security situation, terrorist incidents have been reported in various places in the state. Overall, 48 safety and security incidents were reported in the BAY1 states, which included armed attacks (29), PBIED/IED (2), kidnappings (5), illegal vehicle checkpoints (3), offenses (5) and risks (4). ). An estimated 191 civilians, including PoCs, were affected by the incidents. Borno State accounted for 25 of the 29 incidents of armed attacks recorded. The security situation on the main supply routes also improved during the period under review, with UNDSS declassifying the main supply routes Maiduguri-Bama-Gwoza/Banki and Maiduguri-Dikwa-Ngala from “Prohibited to “restricted”, which means that the UNSMS could operate on these routes after meeting certain conditions, including the use of armed escorts.
In Adamawa State, criminal elements continued to sow anxiety among returnee communities in the state during the month under review. Unknown gunmen terrorizing the community, kidnappings and ransom demands have been reported in Gidan Madara and Va’atita communities of Mubi South LGA. Similarly, in Mubi North, unknown gunmen attacked the residence of a PoC in Bulamari community and abducted his 7-year-old son. In Yola South, the community leader of Gayewa in Kasuwan Katako community was abducted by kidnappers.
In Yobe State, communities bordering the Alagarno Forest in Gujba LGA continued to suffer attacks from the NSAG.
Suspected ISWAP members attacked an ambulance transporting drugs for an INGO in the town of Gujba on 4/1/2022. Similar NSAG attacks were also reported against the communities of Muktum, Goniri and Kasatchiya on January 16, 25 and 29, 2022. disrupted for a day. Also, on January 25, 2022, alleged ISWAP members on the Damaturu-Biu road abducted at least 04 civilians.
Humanitarian actors continue to support the Government of Nigeria to combat the spread and impact of COVID-19 in the BAY States. These supports include community engagement and education on risk reduction, vaccination, screening, testing and treatment, among others.
During the month under review, the new HC/RC and the Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Coordination and Emergency Relief Coordinator undertook two missions to Borno State to continue to raise awareness of the displacement situation in the region.