I. OPERATIONAL CONTEXT
The security situation in the Lake Chad basin remained unpredictable during the period under review. ISWAP elements have continued their terrorist campaigns by launching attacks against government forces in the region, with serious implications for civilians. , namely the villages of Chad and Nigeria. These hostilities emanating from the conflict in Cameroon continue to cause tension between the different warring factions, as members of the Shoa Arab community erected barricades and burned tires at Carrefour Douane and Carrefour Total a reason on January 10, 2022 to protest against the arrest of two accused Shoa Arab leaders. involvement in the recent intercommunal violence between their community and that of the Musgum in Kousseri and Logone-Birni in early December 2021. In Borno State, the number of security incidents remained low compared to previous months, which reflects the gradual improvement in Despite the improvement in the security situation, terrorist incidents have been reported in various places in the state. Overall, 48 safety and security incidents were reported in BAY1 states, comprising armed attacks (29), PBIED/IEDs (2), kidnappings (5), illegal vehicle checkpoints ( 3), offenses (5) and dangers (4). An estimated 191 civilians, including PoCs, were affected by the incidents.
Borno State accounted for 25 of the 29 incidents of armed attacks recorded. The security situation on the main supply routes also improved during the period under review, with UNDSS declassifying the main supply routes Maiduguri-Bama-Gwoza/Banki and Maiduguri-Dikwa-Ngala from “Prohibited to “restricted”, which means that the UNSMS can travel on these routes after meeting certain conditions, including the use of armed escorts. Unknown gunmen terrorizing the community, kidnappings and ransom demands have been reported in Gidan Madara and Va’atita communities of Mubi South LGA. – aged son. In Yola South, the community leader of Gayewa in Kasuwan Katako community was abducted by kidnappers. In Yobe State, communities bordering the Alagarno Forest in Gujba LGA continued to suffer attacks from the NSAG. Suspected ISWAP members attacked an ambulance transporting drugs for an INGO in Gujbatown on 4/1/2022. Similar NSAG attacks were also reported against the communities of Muktum, Goniri and Kasatchiya on 16, 25 and 29 January 2022. During one of the attacks on the Nigerian Army Peace Institute in Buratai, vehicular traffic on the referenced road linking Adamawa State was halted for one day. Also, on January 25, 2022, alleged ISWAP members on the Damaturu-Biu road abducted at least 04 civilians. Humanitarian actors continue to support the Government of Nigeria to combat the spread and impact of COVID-19 in the BAY States. These supports include community engagement and education on risk reduction, vaccination, screening, testing and treatment, among others. During the month under review, the new HC/RC and the Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Coordination and Emergency Relief Coordinator conducted two missions to Borno State to continue raising awareness of displacement in the region .